January 29, 2023

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Participants hold candles at a vigil at Lake Merritt in Oakland December 5, 2016 for victims of the ghost ship fire in Oakland, California on December 2, 2016. File photo by Khaled Sayed/UPI | license photo

2 Dec (UPI) — On this date in history:

In 1804 Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of France.

In 1823, during his annual address to the US Congress, President James Monroe proclaimed a new US foreign policy initiative that became known as the “Monroe Doctrine”.

In 1859, abolitionist John Brown was hanged for his raid on the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, W.Va.

In 1927, the Model A was introduced by Ford as a successor to the Model T. The price for a Model A Roadster was $395.

In 1942, the atomic age was born when scientists demonstrated the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in a laboratory beneath the stands of the University of Chicago football stadium.

In 1954, the US Senate voted 65 to 22 to convict Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., of conduct not proper to a senator. The conviction, which amounted to a reprimand, related to McCarthy’s controversial investigations into suspected communists in the US government, military and civil society.

In 1961, Fidel Castro announced that he was a communist and admitted that he had kept the fact secret until he consolidated his hold on Cuba.

UPI file photo

In 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency was formed with Indianapolis attorney William Ruckelshaus as administrator.

In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, which included the Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Katmai National Park and Preserve, Kenai Fjords National Park, Kobuk Valley National Park, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve and Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Reserve.

In 1982, retired dentist Barney Clark, 62, became the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart. He survived 112 days.

In 1993, Colombian drug trafficker Pablo Escobar was killed in a shootout with police officers and soldiers in the Colombian city of Medellin.

In 2001, US troops in Afghanistan arrested John Walker Lindh, 20, a US citizen from San Anselmo, California, who was fighting with the Taliban.

In 2001, the energy company Enron filed for bankruptcy, triggering one of the biggest corporate scandals in US history. The Houston-based company was found to have fraudulent accounting practices.

Former Enron CEO Ken Lay listens February 12, 2002 at a Senate committee hearing on the demise of energy company Enron. File photo by Michael Kleinfeld/UPI

In 2015, Syed Farook and his wife Tashfeen Malik attacked a social facility in Southern California, killing 14 before leading police into an ongoing firefight in which they were killed.

In 2016, a warehouse fire in Oakland, California killed 36 people. A concert was taking place in the ghost ship’s warehouse, which was used for artists’ studios and apartments, at the time of the fire.

In 2020, the UK became the first western nation to approve a COVID-19 vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech.

File photo by Andy Rain/EPA-EFE

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